By: Paul S. Cilwa Viewed: 7/19/2018
Posted: 2/28/2015
Topics/Keywords: #Photography Page Views: 1122
I share my method of scanning and restoring old, color-faded slides.

I've been fortunate enough to be asked to convert five trays of color slides from the early '80s. They are over 30 years old, and the years have not been kind to the color dyes used in color film in those days. In addition, many of them were commercial slides, which are often pre-faded when purchased. But I have software to the rescue.

Commercial Color Slides from the 1980s.

Back in the days of film cameras, stores used to sell professionally-taken slides in sleeves of 4 or 5 to tourists who were trying to short-cut their vacation photos. The slides were generally displayed on an internally-lit carousel and left there for months…years. In that time, of course, the constant exposure to daylight, fluorescent lights, and the internal light, caused the slides to fade even before they were purchased.

My dear friend, Barbara Lafford, who is a professor of Spanish language at Arizona State University, recently asked me if I would scan and try to restore her collection of photos of Spain, taken in 1983. The collection was stored for decades in garages in the Phoenix area, where the temperature can go up to 140°F, another injury to the color dyes. Many of these slides are the commercial types, purchased on the trip; they've survived even less well than her personal shots.

I've got the procedure for scanning and restoring these slides pretty much down pat, and since millions of these old slides must exist, perhaps someone else can benefit from my experience.

The HP ScanJet 5590.

First of all, the scanner: It must be one capable of scanning transparencies. I am using an old HP ScanJet 5590. There are more appropriate film-specific scanners, but I can't afford one. Fortunately, the ScanJet is doing an adequate job.

The slides are loaded into a lightbox, which fits snugly into a tray on the scanner's platen. The lightbox holds 3 slides (or 4 negatives in a strip) at once. A tap of the appropriate button on the front panel starts the scan.

Now, the original photo that we are going to work with is one of a statuary group in the Cathedral of Seville celebrating Christopher Columbus, who, in Spain, is known as Colón. Here is an unretouched scan of the slide. Most of the slides in this collection have a red dot in the upper right corner of the mount, to indicate how to load it into a projector, so it is neither backwards nor upside-down.

Original, unretouched slide.

The color is so faded from this image that one might wonder if any colors at all can be extracted from it. However, the scanner software includes a "color correction" setting, which gives us a somewhat more usable image.

Scanned with color correction turned on.

However, in this case, Barbara's red dot was incorrect; I could tell from the writing on the base that it needed to be flipped. The scanner software would have done that, but the preview it offered didn't make the writing visible. So I loaded the photo into my photo editing software and flipped the image. At the same time I straightened out the image; either the photo was taken with the camera tilted a bit, or (more likely) the film inside the slide mount had shifted slightly with the years. The editing software I am using is a program called Zoner Photo Studio 16. I bought this software not long ago. The current version is actually 17; but since I just paid for 16 and they weren't offering a free upgrade, I am sticking with 16.

Flipped and straightened.

The next step is to punch up the lighting levels and contrast. One command click ("Levels") adjusts it, and the defaults I've provided does the rest.

Brightness and contrast levels adjusted.

I also applied a little more color correction, to try and bring out the gold on the statues.

Color corrected.

And finally, I applied the Sharpen function to make up for the fact that the scanner produces very soft-focus images.

Sharpened.

To help guide me, I looked up the statuary group on Google Images, and found a more recent picture.

Modern photo of the same grouping.

I suspect the 1983 photo was taken at night; the image above was likely taken with some natural daylight, perhaps coming through a skylight or high windows. Obviously a lot of detail has been lost in the past 30 years. Still, cleaned up the images should provide many more years of happy reminders of what must have been a most awesome trip!

Final Result: The statuary group group celebrating Christopher Columbus in the Cathedral of Seville, Spain.